What would be the impact of the polysilicon cost increase on Canadian Solar’s gross profit and on its standard variances?

solar panels in fieldCanadian Solar (NASDAQ: CSIQ) and other solar panel manufacturers are facing a shortage of a key raw material used in the production of solar panels, polysilicon. Environmental regulators in China shut down several factories, triggering the shortage. The cost of polysilicon has risen by as much as 35% in the past several months. A kilogram of polysilicon went from $14 to $19 near the end of 2017.

In addition to the rise in the cost of polysilicon, the selling price of solar panels has been falling throughout the world.

Questions

  1. How is gross profit calculated?
  2. What would be the impact of the increase in the cost of the polysilicon on Canadian Solar’s gross profit? Explain.
  3. What would be the impact of the decrease in the selling price of solar panels on Canadian Solar’s gross margin? Explain.
  4. Assume that Canadian Solar uses a standard costing system for tracking the production of its solar panels. What variance(s), if any, have been impacted by the increase in the cost of polysilicon? Explain.

Instructor Resources

These resources are provided to give the instructor flexibility for use of Accounting in the Headlines articles in the classroom. The blog posting itself can be assigned via a link to this site OR by distributing the student handout below. Alternatively, the PowerPoint file below contains a bullet point overview of the article and the discussion questions.

  • Student handout (pdf) (word) (contains entire blog posting + discussion questions)
  • PowerPoint file (brief article overview + discussion questions)

Copyright 2018 Wendy M. Tietz, LLC

About Dr. Wendy Tietz, CPA, CMA, CSCA, CGMA

Dr. Wendy Tietz is a professor of accounting at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio, USA. She is also a textbook author with Pearson Education.

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